Understanding Choice Based Education & Choice Based Credit System


Ever wondered what is meant by choice-based education or choice-based credit system?

Choice-based education

Choice-based education is student-friendly learning that provides the learners with the opportunity to differentiate their learning methods. In addition, it makes the students more aware, knowledgeable and conscious of how they perceive their educational learning. This way, learners become competent and are given the autonomy to self-absorb and engage themselves in comprehensive learning by brimming them with an idea of gaining an in-depth knowledge of every concept they choose to read. Now, that you are acquainted with choice-based education, let us look at the guiding principles of this form of education.

1. Students should be able to interpret/understand the content

As Educators and Gurus, before you give your students the autonomy to encourage self-learning, be certain that they carry an idea or whatever concept/skill they are expected to educate themselves with. For instance, the (only) way of knowing this is during the period of ongoing teaching, which helps you know; whether your students have a grasp over the taught concept or not. The question that matters is how do we affirm this?

2. Encourage brainstorming sessions

As educators, you can assess a student’s understanding by letting them become a part of brainstorming sessions. For instance, during class hours, call out a witty question (based on a learning concept) and allow the students to think, analyze and respond. Before answering, they affirm the same with their learning partners, discuss and then share their thoughts with the class. Such is an effective learning exercise that allows them to think beyond. Hence, before they choose to engage themselves in self-participatory learning, recognize if they are heading in the right direction of knowledge.

3. Encourage queries raised by the learners

During the learning process, it is quite certain how enthusiastic learners put forward their queries. In addition, they like to discuss and explore solutions to problems that seem difficult to decipher. Here, teachers serve as a strong pillar and instruct their queries along constructive lines. Mentors encourage problem-solving through a step-wise process and ascertain if the students understood the taught concept.

4. Encourage student feedback

Choice-based education is student-centric learning and what else is a feasible way of working with the students if not seeking their feedback to the teaching?

Types of courses offered by the choice-based credit system

The choice-based credit system offers three types of courses to the learners:

1. Core course

The core course is one of the essential requirements for the students for their credit requirement. This way, it becomes compulsory to opt for a core subject.

2. Elective course

The Elective course includes a subject that is based on their interests and not a part of the curriculum. The learners are free to choose the subject that intrigues them. Such a course aims to polish their skills.

3. Foundation

Foundation is referred to as those value-based subjects that increase one’s knowledge and enhance their skill set. It includes ‘Ability Enhancement courses’, such subjects help you get constructive career opportunities in the long run.

How does the evaluation take place in a choice based credit system?

In a choice-based credit system, the following are how they are evaluated:

  • For instance, if a student is unable to perform well in the exams or has some illness, then he/she is given the leverage to earn the lost credits in the next semester.
  • A choice-based credit system evaluates students’ performance and displays the grades in the mark sheet based on grade points. For example, if a student has secured 10-grade points in any subject then they are awarded Grade-O, which is outstanding. It is all based on one’s academic performance in a particular semester.

Advantages of Choice-based credit system

The advantages of a Choice-based credit system are as follows:

  • It allows them to earn the necessary skill set and enhance their overall knowledge.
  • It renders the students with the flexibility in choosing the courses as per their choice.
  • It allows the learners to earn extra credits.
  • With CBCS, they can even choose inter/multidisciplinary courses.


Choice-based learning is a student-centric approach that allows the educators to guide the learning process and increase the level of comprehension for the students. It makes them capable of adapting to their learning methods and carrying in-depth knowledge. It makes them more aware, observant and receptive in classroom learning.



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